Archive for the ‘Elevators’ Category

Elevator Trim Tab Cutout Ears

November 19th, 2011 No comments

Prepping for Riblet

One of the more interesting parts of the Left Elevator is the area where the trim tab is attached. On the inboard edge of the elevator skins (and on the tab itself), Vans leaves little ears that need to be folded over to close off the end of the skin. MANY builders have completely mangled the skins trying to accomplish a clean bend and have to settle for a not so nice look to this step. I read several other build logs, researched on VansAirforce, and gave the steps a healthy think through.

The same “many” builders that experienced bad bends and did not want to live with the ugly result have sometimes simply cut the bad bends off and fabricated a little biblet to replace the ears. Some other builders have opted to just do the riblet as a first attempt without risking the initial heartache of the bad bend. One example of a builder that opted to simply do the riblet from the start is Jason Beaver. I review his site every so often as I go along (as with others) and I liked his solution. I opted to do the same. So, today, I committed to it and lopped off the elevator skin ears.

I used my appropriate offset shears and cut about a 16th short of the line desired, which is essentially a line perpendicular to the trim tab spar, on the top and bottom of the skin. I then filed little by little to a point where the skin corner/edge would have been if I had bent it. This left a nice straight and clean cut line. At this point…I was mentally spent for the day. I hope I made the right choice. If not though…I can always buy parts to do it over. 😉


Categories: Elevators

Trim Servo Done

November 1st, 2011 No comments

It Clears...Just

I decided to install the servo Z brackets with NAS1097 rivets in the last 2 aft holes. This allowed me to countersink the holes rather than dimple and still get good clearance of the servo when installed. It is tight, but clears. 0.032″ skins are just enough for AD3’s. I was careful to not over countersink but it was close.

Right where it Should Be

As mentioned in the prior log entry, the location of the servo per the plans is not right. As you can see here, I located it where it does belong and the jack shaft of the servo lines right up where it belongs. I do not like that they want you to have the wires exit in the same hole so I may open up a 3/8″ hole just above (below in this picture) the jack shaft hole, to route the wires for the servo through to avoid any interference.

Fits as it Should

Trim cover plate installed. You can see the arm of the servo is right in the middle of the slot and ready for the tab. Looks good to me. Now I have to take it out and start match drilling the skins to the skeleton and prep for the trim tab assembly. The other item I need to think about is how to hookup and where to route the trim servo wiring. I have a few ideas…we’ll see how it ends up down the road.

Categories: Elevators

What is Drawn != To What Works…Sometimes

October 31st, 2011 No comments

How it is "Supposed" to be Done

In the spirit of doing something little any chance you can, I decided to work a little on the elevator trim servo/mount/cover tonight. I am using the electric trim option as I love it in the CAP planes I fly. Not to mention, I will more than likely add the auto trim feature in conjunction with the auto pilot I want to install too so electric trim is required. It may be overkill, but heck…I am building MY plane.

So I studied the plans that outlined how and what I needed to do to mount the trim servo. I made certain that I remembered that I was looking at the outside of the cover/inspection plate in the plans. I did not want to accidentally measure where to mount things by reading the dimensions relative to the outside and mark them on the inside wrong. As you can see from the plans, you are to measure from the outboard side of the cover 1 3/8″ in and 3/8″ in from the forward edge. This is then where you put the inboard forward edge of the left servo bracket (EET-602B-L).

I grabbed my ruler and then began to mark the cover with the measurements outlined.

That Seems too Far

You can see here that the “upper” line is the line represented in the plans that should be 1 3/8″ from the edge. Basically, set the plate face down on the plans and then flip it up so it is a mirror image. Right off the bat it was clear that this was not right. The line seems to be nearly centered in the slot for the servo arm. Referencing the plans again showed it really should be offset a bit. Clecoing the servo to both mounting brackets and setting it on the cover confirmed this as well, the output arm of the servo was not centered in the slot as the plans show.

I scratched my head a bit and thought…what if they really meant 1 3/8″ from the other edge and just marked it wrong on the plans? With all the flipping and translation to the part you have to do with the drawing, maybe they made a mistake…though unlikely. I also did a search on to see if others were having issues with this drawing as well. The search returned a few replies that led me to believe the unlikely was true.

What the heck, I have not drilled anything yet, so I drew another line from the other edge and lined up the inside edge of the EET-602B-R and interestingly enough, the servo output was dang close to center in the slot. I think the draftsman did actually reverse the part.

Clamped and Ready

With the bracket confusion now settled and the correct orientation determined, I clamped the EET-602B-R to E-616PP. Having learned to not back a hole you are drilling with your finger, I used  block of wood behind the hole I was drilling and match drilled the bracket to the cover, clecoing as I went. Once that was done, I clecoed the servo and other bracket back on and then clamped the EET-602B-L on and repeated the process.

That is Better

Once complete and both are clecoed on, you can see that the EET-602B-L reference line as outlined in the drawing is indeed off by about 1/16 of an inch. It may not seem like a lot, but it will make a big difference if you were to follow the plans. I have read that some have just followed the plans and had to widen the slot for the arm, and others just replace the cover and do it again by eye. I recommend however you simply measure from the other side and line up the opposite mount bracket and you should be OK.

That is More Like It

All said and done, the servo output shaft is right where it should be. The last problem is that the aft two rivets that rivet the servo mount brackets to the cover may actually cause the servo to sit proud of the mounts because the shop head/dimples may contact the case. I may countersink the last two to avoid this. I have heard that some have made shims for the servo while others smash the heads a little more to clear the servo. Neither seems correct to me as one moves the servo alignment and the other weakens the assembly, granted, not by much. Stay tuned for the solution.

Categories: Elevators

Left Elevator Begins

October 29th, 2011 No comments

Ready to be Match Drilled

With the right elevator now closed up, the manual has you move on to the left (or harder) elevator. They note that it is a little harder because of the complexity of the added trim tab that is part of this assembly. I still had some time after finishing up the right closure so I grabbed the parts for the left and began to  assemble. I began with the spar, added the reinforcement plates and plate nuts. Worked on the outboard ribs and counterbalance drilling. Added the spar for the trim tab, the root rib, and the skin. It is amazing how quick it goes when you have done it before.

Back Side of Left Elevator

After about an hour, the left elevator parts were all clecoed and ready to match drill. I decided to call it a day. I will hopefully match drill this some time next week. I cannot believe I am almost done with the empennage major work. However, what is left is some of the harder parts to do right…so I am going to pace myself.

Categories: Elevators

Right Elevator Nearly Complete!

October 29th, 2011 No comments

Right Elevator Closed Up

The replacement E-709 rib arrived on the 27th and as soon as I got home, I went right to getting it prepped. I first reamed out the four holes on the forward flange and then dimpled the holes with my pop rivet dies to be safe. I then clecoed it into the elevator assembly as I had left it on Saturday. I was able to match drill it to the skin and to the horn. I then removed it, dressed the edges, dimpled it and then shot it with primer. Took about an hour to complete all the steps. I then dimpled the rest of the skin where the E-709 goes. I then disassembled the parts again and set them aside and ready for the next build session.

Friday was a busy night with Halloween parties so I was unable to get the skeleton finished. No worries, it was all ready for assembly for my build session today.

As soon as the sun was up and breakfast was done, I ran out to the shop. I joined the new E-709 to the E-702 spar and then riveted on the the WD-605-R-1. The skeleton was complete now. I then added RTV blobs to the ends between the trailing edge portion of the interior stiffeners. The idea is that it ties them together and dampens vibrations. Apparently some builders have reported cracks in this area after the plane has flown for some time. Hopefully this helps counter/eliminate this problem.

I inserted the E-714 counterweight previously milled down in the nose of the E-713 skin and then inserted the skeleton. I then clecoed it all back together for the final time. Now it was time for fun. I final riveted the E-703 and E-704 ribs to the E-713 skin on both top and bottom. I then continued along the E-703 rib to the second to the last hole with my pneumatic squeezer. The last holes near the trailing edge are just too tight. I then did the same along the root E-709 rib. Then I did the spar. With the squeezer, you can move along pretty good. The final riveting took no more than 30-40 minutes to complete. As for the last trailing edge holes on the outboard and root ribs, I simply used some MK-319-BS blind rivets and called it good. Better to fill the heads with body filler than have to repair an entire panel with the stuff.

I then added the washers and nuts to the counterbalance weight. I still need to torque them, but the weight is attached permanently now. The right elevator is now closed up. I then taped off the E-713  counterbalance skin forward face and filed the counterbalance weight to the shape and profile of the skin. It still needs a little more shaping to be ready for the fiberglass tip install…but I will do that when I get to installing them. As you can see above, it is nearly done. Now that is progress. 🙂

Categories: Elevators

Right Elevator Ready to Rivet

October 28th, 2011 No comments

Ready to Assemble…Except

Apparently missed a photo in my log of the nearly ready to complete and rivet right elevator. Here it is for posterity.

Categories: Elevators

Right Elevator Continues

October 22nd, 2011 No comments

No pictures today.

Since I mangled up the E-709 rib on Friday and then ordered one that night…I needed to get something done. So I disassembled the right elevator and got everything prepped for primer. I dimpled the spar and outboard ribs and the skin. I did not dimple the holes in the skin where the E-709 goes because I wanted to be able to match drill the new E-709 after it arrived.

It was a nice day, so I ended up getting everything primed by mid day. I took care of a few “Honey-Do’s” while the primer dried.

When the primer was dry, I assembled and riveted the E-702 and the E-610PP/E-611pp reinforcement plates and the corresponding plate nuts. I also riveted the E-703 and E-704 ribs together and then to the E-702 spar. At this point I would have riveted the e-709 root rib to the E-702 spar and then the WD-605-R-1 to the both of them, but…the prior post outlines why that was not happening.

At this point, I was at a standstill because I had no parts left to continue…or so I thought. There are two rivets on both the top and the bottom of the E-713 counter balance skin and the E-701-R skin that tie the two together that are not joined to any other parts. If you forget to get these and join the skins to the skeleton, you will not be able to get to them. I chose to do these now.

At the end of the day, I had a mostly completed skeleton and skins ready to go together. For grins, I clecoed them back together just so I could feel like I had done something. They are now ready to accept the new E-709 when it arrives and then I can close this elevator up.

Categories: Elevators

I Did it Again! Grrr….

October 21st, 2011 No comments

I did it again!

The instructions say in order to join the right elevator Spar (E-702) to the root rib (E-709) you have to use flush (AN426) rivets so that the elevator horn (WD-605-R-1) can lay flat against the spar at the joint. To do this, they say that you need to countersink the forward face of the E-702 spar for the flush heads for the four holes that join it to the E-709 rib. Another option that Van’s says is OK is to dimple the E-702 spar and the E-709 flange instead. Really, these 4 rivets are simply nailing the flange of the E-709 rib to the E-702 spar but most of the strength is handled in the Elevator Horn that also rivets these two parts together at the corner.

With that said, I chose to dimple these over the countersink. After all, the dimple keeps the full thickness of the parts and should be stronger. Dimpling the spar was a matter of putting the dies in the DRDT-2 and smashing away. The rib flange is another story. It is bent past 90° and thus makes it tough to get the dies on the back side much like the trailing edges of the skins for say the elevators and ribs. Typically, I would grab my pop rivet dies here and squeeze away. However, I had just purchased a tool that I thought…heck, that should work here.


Made to Help

Here is the tool. Basically, it is a female die for a AN426AD3 rivet set in a bar so you can reach in to close spaces. You then take a rivet set with a hole in the end that will accept the male die and grab the rivet gun. Then you line up the pilot of the male with the hole and the female die. A few taps from the rivet gun and you should have a nice dimple in a tight spot. Sounds easy enough right?

Remember when I posted about my shop air supply setup? Well, it turns out that my brilliant setup bit me. Part of the setup to use the tool above is setting the pressure right on the regulator for the rivet gun. The various pneumatic tools I have all use different PSI settings. I ran over to the regulator, excited to try my new tool, and dialed down the pressure to about 30 psi. I ran back over to the bench, lined up the pilot, hole, and die. I took a deep breath and squeezed the trigger. Almost immediately I thought…”Man, this thing is hitting really hard!” At that point it was too late. I had ruined the flange of the rib. It hit sooo hard, it cracked the rib near the radius bend. I immediately slapped the forehead and reprimanded myself for again not testing a tool on scrap first.

Well…that part was scrap now anyways…so let’s at least get it right for the future. I could have just made a doubler out of scrap and perhaps made a scab flange and salvaged the rib, but empennage parts are cheap and I needed to place an order for some stuff with Vans anyway. So I went back over to the regulator and dialed it way down and tried it again on the next hole. Funny thing…it hit just as hard again. I was starting to thing something was wrong with the regulator or my rivet gun. I tried turning down the flow at the gun and hit the third hole. Some improvement, but still hard hitting.

Tried another setting change and still…this gun is hitting really hard. The regulator was way down on PSI, the flow was down…what is going on? I grabbed some scrap and drilled and deburred some #40 holes and kept trying with no luck. In frustration, I looked again over to the wall and then realized my error. My hose was still plugged into the Tank Pressure Outlet. I was running 135 PSI through the gun. In all the time I was setting the regulator, I never noticed that I was plugged into the unregulated side of my setup.

Immediately, I began to wonder…did I just ruin my rivet gun? Did I bend up some dies…what else? Once I moved my hose over to the correct outlet, dialed up the regulator and flow, the remaining tests proved to work. The tool works great…if you are set up right. Doh!

So…I needed to order up a new E-709. That killed my chances of getting the right elevator complete over the weekend. I decided to try my skill of stop drilling the cracks to make the most of the mistake. It turned out good. I still had things I could do over the weekend, so I set everything aside and called it good for the night.


Categories: Elevators

E-714 Right Trimming

October 19th, 2011 No comments

I'd Call that Spot On

One of the items on the plans I was wondering about, and was coming up in building sequence of the right elevator, was the E-714 counterweight trimming. As designed, Vans incorporated a counter balanced tail surfaces to give the plane a very neutral feel on the stick and to eliminate/reduce surface flutter. This is accomplished by placing a weight on an arm located in front of the hinge line. There is a counterweight in both elevators and the rudder.

There is a catch however. The right and left elevators do not weigh the same. One has a trim servo and trim tab in it while the other does not. Vans ships 2 cast lead weights for the elevators that are the same shape, weight, and size. This means that on the lighter elevator (right side) the counterweight must be reduced in mass compared to the left. The plans have a nice full scale drawing of what the weight should look like when trimmed. Here you can see my finished product overlaid on the drawing.

The trim poses a few problems. It needs the radius and is thick and dense (though soft) and I was not sure how I was going to do it. A hacksaw and a file perhaps? That is a recipe for disaster. Then it dawned on me…I know a machinist who does very accurate work with a part and a drawing. He will know what to do. So my buddy (son-in-law to the machinist) called him up and asked if we could run over to his shop after the Cub Scout pack meeting for our boys. He agreed. Within 10 minutes of arriving, he knew exactly how he would achieve the trim.

Basically, he made a knife for a fly cutter that incorporated the radius of the cut. He chucked it into his milling machine, clamped the counterweight in, referenced the distances, and started up the mill. He took 3-4 passes at the weight taking a slice off the back each time. As the depth increased, the radius appeared. He checked the size a couple of times with his calipers, and then set up the last cut. Once done, I had a perfectly flat, trimmed back, with a perfect radius exactly 1/8″ from the shoulder of the front…exactly per the plans. Total time, 20 minutes and we watched the mill do most of the work. I love this guy! Having done machining for 40 years…he knows his stuff. Thanks Len!

Ready for Installation

Here is the counterweight ready to install. One less thing to worry about and out of the way. Remember though…do not modify the other side the same way. I have heard some builders have. The part is not expensive to replace, but is expensive to ship! 🙂

Categories: Elevators

A Time for Reading, A Time for Bending

October 17th, 2011 No comments

More Hinges the Better

I spent some good time on Sunday researching and understanding the “Bending Brake” that Vans suggests be made in the manual. Several builders noted that the brake as outlined allowed for too much flexing in between hinges and to add more. Another debate was whether or not to leave a gap in the boards where the hinges were. I could not come to a clear dimension or necessarily the need for a gap. The last debate was if it was advantageous to use a dowel in the trailing edge when compressing the skins to insure the brake did not smash the trailing edge during the bend. You can see now, with all the “debate” why someone may worry a little when attempting to do a seemingly simple, but critical step. So here is what I decided;

  1. Make the brake out of 2×8 premium lumber. One half is exactly 60″ and the other was 54″. This gave side handles to the brake itself.
  2. Use as many hinges as practical. The number ended up at 12 – 3″ hinges.
  3. No gap in the boards at the hinge line. I did however bevel the corners a hair to give the hinge barrel some area to clear.
  4. 3/16″ Dowel in the trailing edge while squeezing to hold the radius (3/32″) in place while smashing the skins.

For family night, we piled into the mini van (friend calls his a “Swagger Wagon”) and went out for dinner. We then hit Lowes Aviation Supply for parts. We took in some of the Christmas Decor that was out for sale already. I know…nuts isn’t it? I picked up the nicest 2″ x 10″x 10′ plank I could find, a 3/16″ dowel, a 1/8″ dowel (just in case), and the hinges. A couple of other incidentals while we were there and back to the house we went. I then headed over to a neighbor’s house because he has some nice saws for woodworking. I cut the plank to length and dressed up the edges a bit.

Complete and Ready to do Some Damage

Here is what I ended up with. I center drilled all the holes for the 12 hinges (72) and then mounted the hinges with the screws provided with the hinges. Interestingly enough, each hinge also came with a 3″ screw in addition to the six standard sized ones. Rather than waste them, I chose to countersink the face of the break and drill and screw the brake to my build table. So at each hinge, there was a 3″ screw holding it down. Needless to say, it does not move. With 12 hinges, it takes a little pressure to actuate the break. Translation…no slop. Once attached to the bench, I sanded the interior faces using my orbital palm sander to insure no bumps or potential dent makers. OK…we are ready to destroy parts now.

3/16" Dowel in Place...Deep Breaths...Ready to Smash

After some deep slow breaths…it was time to get smashing. Here you see the dowel taped into the trailing edge. The theory is that it backs up the bend to keep the radius intact while you are squeezing the skin together. The logic was sound so I incorporated it. OK…moment of truth. Time to slide the skin into the brake and push.

That was not so Bad

Once the skin was in the brake and the trailing edge was against the barrels of the hinges, I flipped the top over and taped the skin edges down to the lower part with “Gorilla Tape” and started to push. I noticed that my pushing was not doing much. I stepped back and realized that I needed to back the trailing edge away from the hinges a tad. Perhaps this is the theory behind the gap in the boards. Once I backed it out about 1/2″, I could see that the bending was starting to occur. I then moved it out 1″ from the hinges and pushed. Again, it bent a little more. It was getting close at this point. I decided to flip the skin over and back it off another 1/2″ and really push. It took me standing on a stool and kneeling on the brake to really get all the force I needed to close the skin together. I was a bit surprised actually. I periodically checked the trailing edge and when finished, was pleased to see a straight and nice radius at the bend. I did have to take the dowel out for the last application of weight to get it a little more closed up, but all in all, it worked and was not that bad. I repeated the same procedure on the left skin.

I may need a tiny bit of massaging to get absolute perfection, but as they are now…they will do just fine. I will evaluate down the road if the massage is really needed. These turned out pretty dang nice.

I inserted the spar in the left skin and the root rib to give the skin some rigidity and then placed it on a shelf. The manual has you work the right elevator first because it is a bit simpler since the trim tab is in the left. So I brought in the skeleton I had done some work on  prior to bending the skins. It slipped right in and lined up like a dream. I clecod the skin to the under structure and then match drilled the control horn.

Ready to Match Drill and Disassemble

At this point I simply need to match drill the skin, deburr, dimple, prime, and assemble. OK…not true…but close. Rather than chance a mistake, I closed up shop for the night.

Categories: Elevators

Skins/Stiffeners Back Riveted

October 15th, 2011 No comments

Started the Right Skeleton

Not too many pictures today. I took care of a few “Honey-Do’s” and then headed to the shop. With all the parts primed and ready to back rivet the stiffeners on, I went to it. I like back riveting, it goes fast. Set the gun up, tape in the rivets, stack the parts, and smash them together. I knocked out the stiffeners and trim access doubler pretty quick. The next thing in the manual is to bend the skins shut to then attach them to the skeletons. I am very nervous about that step and have yet to build my bending brake so I was near to a standstill. I decided to start on the Right Elevator Skeleton as far as I could before needing the skin post smash.

I was able to fit the counterbalance weight in the skin and begin the skeleton assembly. I drilled the counterbalance weight and match drilled all the plate nuts for the hinge points and prepped the ribs in the counterbalance. At the end of the day, I had a skeleton that was match drilled as much as I could before needing the skin. I guess it is time to study up and get the brake made and make the “bend!” I’ll read up on it tomorrow and maybe tackle it on Monday after family night.

Categories: Elevators

NAS1097 or not to NAS1097…There is no Question

October 15th, 2011 No comments

Already Came in Handy

For some time, I knew the time was coming that I would need to install some nut plates to hold some screws that hold down things like access plates, fairings, etc. One of these places appears on the elevators. There is a doubler on the left elevator that allows for access to the trim actuator, be it electric (what I am doing), or manual. Basically, the doubler creates a flange inside the elevator skin that an access plate then screws into closing up the hole flush with the elevator skin. You find these access holes all over planes so you can service the aircraft in the long term. The trick is, that on a plane where flush rivets are used, you want your access plates to also use flush type fasteners. This requires dimpling the access cover and using flat head screws. Nut plates can be used with either as they are designed with a recess to allow for a dimpled doubler or can simply be attached to a flat skin to provide a nut on the backside. In all cases however, the fasteners that attach the nut plate to the airframe must be flush so that the access panel can lay flat against the doubler.

One of the things that I read up on was how people install their nut plates. There are two methods that work. One is to dimple the skin and the nut plate to accept a standard AN426 rivet. The risk here is that you can really mangle the ear of the nut plate as there really is not much material on them to dimple. The other is using NAS1097 rivets. These have the same shank size as their standard AN426 counterparts, but they have a shallower head. Since my local supplier required a 1/4 lb minimum purchase of each size at nearly $90.00, I found a kit by Avery Tools that met my needs. It has 2 different diameters with 3 lengths at 3/4 oz of each. You can buy many of these kits for the $90.00 required for one size. I think it will hold me over for many a nut plate.

Side by Side of Shanks

What is the advantage then? Well, instead of having to dimple the skin and the nut plate, you simply can countersink the skin very lightly and then insert the rivet in the hole and nut plate ear, and smash away. Since the rivets on the ears are simply keeping the nut plate attached to the assembly and keeping the plate from turning when a screw is inserted, the fastener is really only working in shear, not tension. As you can see from the picture above, the shanks of the rivets are the same across the diameters. You can also see that the shoulder of the rivet head is much more shallow. Where countersinking may cause a knife edge with a standard rivet (countersink goes to the backside of the sheet), you can countersink thinner material and still get a flush head. Again, the force is in shear when you are screwing in a fastener to the nut plate, so the shank is the more critical portion of the rivet.

Side by Side of Heads

But wait…there is more to these. Say you are doing an assembly that requires 3/32″ (AD3) rivets and you bugger up the hole they go in really bad? In that case, you still have some saving grace. Notice in the above picture, that the head of the NAS1097AD4 is the same diameter as the AN426AD3! You can replace the AD3 rivet that is now undersized with NAS1097AD4 and from the top, you would never know it was different. Now…you cannot do this to all of them in a row mind you…but 1 in 10, you will be OK. That is why these rivets are referred to as “Oops” or “Fixit” rivets. As it turns out, I had exactly that happen to me as I was back riveting one of the elevator stiffeners. The AD3 did not set very well and when I drilled out the rivet to replace it, I noticed that the hole was now too large for a new AD3 but I had good edge distance, so I opened it up to a #30 and slipped in a NAS1097AD4. I am not telling where and you will never know once the elevator is closed up!

NAS1097's at Work

Here is the trim access hole with the doubler in place. You can see I have inserted the screws into the nut plates center. The NAS1097AD3’s are on either side of the screws. You can also see the difference in head diameter with the standard AN426 rivets that hold the doubler to the skin. They have the exact same size shank. A simple turn of the debur tool can produce a decent countersink, but I chose to use another little jewel I picked up with the rivet kit.

Could Prove Dangerous!

Basically, it is a chucking adapter with a threaded female side so I can thread in my countersink/debur bit into it and chuck it in a drill. This allowed me to more accurately and lightly countersink the doubler for the smaller head. Once all the countersinks were done, I hit the doubler with a shot of primer and let it dry. Once dry, I back riveted the doubler to the skin and then went back to prepping the stiffeners and skins for primer and back riveting.


Categories: Elevators

Elevator Skins/Stiffeners Primed

October 14th, 2011 No comments

One Half Now Primed

The weather in Utah is changing fast. This could be the last week of really nice temperatures outside. So when I got home from work, it was straight out to the shop to get the skins and stiffeners ready for primer. After all, I needed parts ready for a build session on Saturday. So I spent the remaining 70 degree daylight hours shooting primer. Here are the right elevator parts drying. I repeated the same for the left. Armed and ready for the weekend. 🙂

Categories: Elevators